Congratulations! You have now completed the Paracentesis Module.



  • This module was written and developed by Nicole Rocca for the Queen's University Faculty of Health Sciences Patient Simulation Lab.
  • Contributors: Dr. Bob McGraw and Dr. Chris Smith
  • The module was created using exe :eLearning XHTML editor with support from Lynel Jackson and the Queen's University School of Medicine MedTech Unit.


This module is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives license. The module may be redistributed and used provided that credit is given to the author and it is used for non-commercial purposes only. The contents of this presentation cannot be changed or used individually. For more information on the Creative Commons license model and the specific terms of this license, please visit


  1. Marx JA: Peritoneal Procedures. In Roberts JR, Hedges JR, et al (eds): Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine, 4th ed. Pennsylvania, Elsevier, 2004, p 851-856.
  2. Glickman RM, Isselbacher KJ: Abdominal swelling and ascites. In Isselbacher K, et al (eds): Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 13th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1994, p 234.
  3. Wong CL, Holroyd-Leduc J, Thorpe KE, Straus SE. The rational clinical examination: Does this patient have bacterial peritonitis or portal hypertension? How do I perform a paracentesis and analyze the results? JAMA. 2008;299(10):1166-1178.