Step 7: Ventilate chest

Resume chest ventilation using the bag-valve-mask ventilator. Remember, adequate chest ventilation is the single most important determinant of patient outcome in an apneic patient. Regardless of whatever else is being done in the resuscitation, an open airway must be maintained along with the continuous chest ventilation. The chest should be ventilated at a rate of 10-12 per minute, or every 5-6 seconds.